Mentors coverMentors: The Making of an Art Historian

By Francis M. Naumann

May 2019.
208 pages with 7 illustrations by Kathleen Gilje
$24.95 | 9780999754467

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A surprising and revealing memoir populated with art historians, art influencers, and the former lover of Marcel Duchamp, Beatrice Wood.

Francis M. Naumann, a distinguished expert on Dada and Marcel Duchamp reflects upon his mentors, including Leo Steinberg, John Rewald, and perhaps his greatest influence: the artist and former lover of Marcel Duchamp, Beatrice Wood. Naumann’s close friendship with Wood, who was many decades his senior, continued until the end of her life at age 105. She not only set Naumann upon a course of original research that would define him, but also provided a moral platform and an artist’s view on what an art historian could be. The chapters involving Naumann’s mentors in the field of art history are no less engaging: strong personalities all, each taught Naumann either by positive or negative example and assisted in the development of his scholarship and original research, though sometimes unintentionally. 

Filled with accidental encounters, intrigues and collisions of intentions, Mentors is a rare memoir about art history which exposes readers to a drama that few actually know occurs behind the scenes. One among many lessons learned in this story is how the individuals we know and admire most in life can serve to shape our future, molding us—consciously or unconsciously—into the people we inexorably become. 


An account of an intellectual coming of age full of interesting turns — insights and unexpected disclosures, details of behavior that reveal the character of complex individuals. It is also a chronicle of a life of the mind, lived at close hand to rare and inspiring people.
– Alec Wilkinson, frequent contributor to The New Yorker and author of My Mentor: A Young Writer’s Friendship with William Maxwell

The world has been good to you if you’ve had a mentor who has opened up your life. Art historian Francis M. Naumann had three of them: Leo Steinberg, John Rewald, and Beatrice Wood. The first two took him deep into the mystery of how great art happens, the third turned him toward the artist whose work and thought Naumann has done much to clarify – Marcel Duchamp. Naumann shows that mentorship, when it’s done right, is itself a work of art.
– Calvin Tomkins, author of Marcel Duchamp: A Biography

Mentors explores Francis Naumann’s friendship with luminous individuals who changed the way we think about art and artists, from the Renaissance to the Post-modern present, from Leonardo and Michelangelo to Marcel Duchamp and Jasper Johns. I could not put this book down once I started reading it. If you ever want to know intimate details about these brilliant, unconventional people for whom the phrase “larger than life” is woefully inadequate, this is the book for you.
– John Yau, poet, author, Jackson Poetry Prize recipient and editor for Hyperallergic


Over the course of [over] 35 years, Naumann made several discoveries about Duchamp, all addressed in his lively book. One was the piece Étant donnés (1945–1966), Duchamp’s ambitious erotic assemblage, glimpsed through peepholes. The figure in that piece was Maria Martins, a beautiful dark-haired sculptor and the wife of the Brazilian ambassador to the United States. […] Naumann also devotes a lengthy chapter to Duchamp’s long-running interest in the science of optics. […] Other essays delve into the affinities between Duchamp and Andy Warhol and take aim at the many virulent attacks on Duchamp from critics like Hilton Kramer, Clement Greenberg, Harold Rosenberg, and former ARTnews editor Thomas Hess.
– Ann Landi, ARTnews

After studying Duchamp for 40 years, [Naumann] was not expecting to come up with anything startling while working on The Recurrent, Haunting Ghost, his book on the master. But while he was looking at Duchamp’s interest in optics, Naumann came across something truly Duchampian in that it was at once esoteric and naughty….
– The Art Newspaper

Reading about Marcel Duchamp can be hard work, unless the writer has Francis Naumann’s ability to leaven imaginative scholarship with clarity, candor, insight, and high spirits.  The most influential artist of the last century caught Naumann’s attention more than forty years ago, when he saw a reproduction of Duchamp’s bicycle wheel mounted on a kitchen stool, and asked himself how this could be art.  The question has pursued him ever since, and his consistently fresh approaches to Duchamp’s work and Duchamp’s life, set down in agile and jargon-free prose, make these collected essays the single most informative book you will find on the endlessly fascinating artist.
– Calvin Tomkins


Francis M. NaumannFrancis M. Naumann is an independent scholar, curator, and art dealer, specializing in the art of the Dada and Surrealist periods. He is author of numerous articles and exhibition catalogues, including New York Dada 1915–25 (Harry N. Abrams, 1994), considered to be the definitive history of the movement, and Marcel Duchamp: The Art of Making Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction (Harry N. Abrams, 1999), Wallace Putnam (Harry N. Abrams, 2002) and Conversion to Modernism: The Early Work of Man Ray (Rutgers University Press, 2002). In 1996, he organized “Making Mischief: Dada Invades New York” for the Whitney Museum of American Art; in 1997, “Beatrice Wood: A Centennial Tribute” for the American Craft Museum in New York; and, in 2003, he co-curated “Conversion to Modernism: The Early Work of Man Ray” for the Montclair Art Museum. His most recent book is The Recurrent, Haunting Ghost: Essays on the Art, Life and Legacy of Marcel Duchamp (Readymade Press, 2012). He currently owns and operates a gallery in New York City, which specializes in art from the Dada and Surrealist periods, as well as work by contemporary artists who possess related aesthetic sensibilities.